253285362 SOCIAL CLASS AND CLASS STRUGGLE IN SUZANNE COLLINS S THE HUNGER GAMES

Topics: Social class, Marxism, Bourgeoisie Pages: 9 (6714 words) Published: April 8, 2015
Social Class and Class Struggle in Suzanne Collins’s The Hunger Games

SOCIAL CLASS AND CLASS STRUGGLE IN SUZANNE COLLINS’S THE HUNGER GAMES Moh.Arifin
English Literature, Faculty of Languages and Arts, State University of Surabaya arifin.mailbox@gmail.com

Prof. Dr. Fabiola D. Kurnia, M.Pd.
English Department, Faculty of Languages and Arts, State University of Surabaya

Abstrak
Perjuangankelasadalahmasalah
yang
selalumunculdalamsejarahperjalananmanusia,
bahkandalamkehidupanmasyarakat modern perjuangankelasmasihdapatditemui.Dalam novel The Hunger GameskaryaSuzanne Collins, diceritakanduakelompokmasyarakat yang masing-masingmewakiliduakelas yang berbedadalamstruktur

social
masyarakat.MerekaadalahCapitol
sebagaikaumpemilik
modal
yang
memilikikuasadankekayaan,
sehinggamerekabebasmelakukanapapun
demi
kepentinganmereka.Sebaliknya,
masyarakatdistrik
12
sebagaikelasbawahtidakmemilikiapapun.Fakta-fakta
yang
muncultersebutmelatarbelakangimasalah-masalah yang munculseperti(1) bagaimanakehidupankelas-kelas social digambarkandalam
novel
The
Hunger
Gameskarya
Suzanne
Collins
?
Dan
(2)
bagaimanaperjuangankelasdapatmunculdalam novel The Hunger Gameskarya Suzanne Collins? Metode yang digunakanadalahhermeneutika
yang
jugasekaligussebagaiteknik,
sedangkanpendekatan
yang
digunakanadalahpendekatanpragmatik.Hasil yang didapatkanakanmenjelaskanbahwakeduakelompokmasyarakat yang berbedaterlibatdalamkonflik
yang
berkepanjangan.
Kaumproletarselalumenjadiobyekeksploitasibagikaumborjuis.Tetapihalinilah yang
memunculkankesadarankelasbagikaumproletar,
sehinggaperjuangankelasakanmunculsebagaibentukperlawananterhadapkaumborjuis. Padaakhirnyakaumproletarharusbersatuuntukmenghancurkanmusuhmerekayaitukapitalisme yang
di
bawaolehkaumborjuis.Merekaharusmelenyapkankepemilikanpribadiuntukmewujudkanmasyarakattanpakelas. Kata Kunci: marxisme, perjuangankelas, dankelassosial
Abstract
Class struggle has a very real existence in modern society. In Suzanne Collins’s The Hunger Games there are two different classes in Panem social structure. The Capitol as a representative of the bourgeoisie and District 12 become representatives of the proletariat. The Capitol as the owner of the mode of production has wealth and power. It is make them able to do anything they want. While District 12 is the lower classes who do not have anything. They can only work for the bourgeoisie to survive. Based on that presumptively facts, problems arise along with questionings, which are delivered to two main questions of (1) How is social class depicted in Suzanne Collin’s The Hunger Games ?and (2) How does class struggle rise in Suzanne Collins’s The Hunger Games ? The used method must not get rid of hermeneutics, the approach is classified to pragmatics, while the technique scopes on the way of interpretations work on. As the result describes that different social class bring both parties engage in sustainable conflict. The proletariat as the powerless one was oppressed by bourgeois, they become object of exploitation. This raises their class consciousness. And lead to the emergence of the class struggle among them. Lastly, proletariat must unite in order to destroy their real enemy, capitalism, which was brought by the bourgeoisie. They have to abolish private property in order to establish classless society. Keywords: Marxism, class struggle, and social class

64

Social Class and Class Struggle in Suzanne Collins’s The Hunger Games

Actually the term includes more than class conflict, for it
refers to the view that all change is the product of the struggle between opposites generated by contradictions inherent in all events, ideas, and movements (Dobie, 2011:85). A thesis
collides with its antitheses, finally reaching synthesis, which generates its own antithesis, and so on, thereby producing
change.
Based on the theories of Karl Marx (and so influenced by
philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel), this concerns
itself with...

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Theory
Christman, Henry. M. 1987. Essential Works of
LENIN “What Is to Be Done? And Other Writings.
Drapper, Hal. 1978. Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution
The Politics of Social Classes
IstvanMeszaros and T.B. Bottomore. 1971. Aspect of
history and class consciousness
Karl Marx and Fridriech Engels. 1993. The Communist
Manifesto
Mbengo, F. 1978. Utafiti Journal of The Art and Social
Science
Marx, Karl. 1993. Grundrisse. Penguin Books.
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