Chapter 7 Quiz Answers

Topics: Social class, Working class, Sociology Pages: 9 (1888 words) Published: October 10, 2014
Stratification can best be defined as _____.
Select one:
a. divisions created between groups of people in a society based on the social prestige accorded by a person’s occupation, lifestyle, or membership in certain organizations b. the unequal distribution of wealth that results from private ownership and people’s tendency to preserve surplus wealth rather than share it with others c. systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise as intended or unintended consequences of social processes and relationships Correct d. divisions created between groups of people in a society based on laws that distribute power unevenly and limit social mobility Feedback

The correct answer is: systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise as intended or unintended consequences of social processes and relationships Question 2
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Which of the following is an example of an asset?
Select one:
a. a projected salary increase
b. a piece of property Correct
c. a person’s human capital
d. a person's social capital
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The correct answer is: a piece of property
Question 3
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Adam Ferguson and John Millar argued that inequality was _____. Select one:
a. the natural result of private property, but could be reduced through the distribution of assets b. necessary to control the world’s population growth
c. the result of people’s differing abilities and temperaments d. a prerequisite for social progress Correct
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The correct answer is: a prerequisite for social progress
Question 4
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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s theory about inequality is called _____. Select one:
a. the elite–mass dichotomy
b. the status hierarchy system
c. the master–slave dialectic Correct
d. status-attainment model
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The correct answer is: the master–slave dialectic
Question 5
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Which of the following standards of equality was key to the arguments of civil rights leaders in the 1960s? Select one:
a. equality of opportunity Correct
b. equality of condition
c. ontological equality
d. equality of outcome
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The correct answer is: equality of opportunity
Question 6
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Equality of condition is the _____.
Select one:
a. notion that everyone is created equal in the eyes of God
b. idea that everyone should have an equal starting point from which to pursue his or her goals Correct c. notion that everyone in a society should end up with the same “rewards” regardless of d. starting point, opportunities, or contributions

e. idea that inequality of condition is acceptable as long as everyone has the same opportunities for advancement and is judged by the same standards Feedback
The correct answer is: idea that everyone should have an equal starting point from which to pursue his or her goals Question 7
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Which of the following scenarios is an example of the free rider problem? Select one:
a. Except for elite runners, people gain access to the New York Marathon through a lottery system. Everyone has the same chance of being picked, except that if you apply three years in a row and don’t get in, you are automatically admitted the following year. b. Four people go to gather wood for their families. One person gathers enough wood to last for a week, two others gather enough to last five days, and the fourth person only gathers enough for two days. Before returning to their families, the four people divide the wood up evenly between them. c. Four friends wait in line overnight to get the best seats to see a popular band. As they are finally entering the arena, another friend of theirs strolls...
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