Class Structures Existed In A Simplifie

Topics: Social class, Marxism, Discrimination Pages: 3 (712 words) Published: November 10, 2014
Class structures existed in a simplified form in pre-agricultural societies, but became much more complex and established following the establishment of permanent agriculture-based civilizations with a food surplus.[3] Classism started to practice around 18th century[4]

Institutional versus personal classism[edit]

The term classism can refer to personal prejudice against 'lower' or 'upper' classes as well as to institutional classism, just as the term racism can refer either strictly to personal bigotry or to institutional racism. The former has been defined as "the ways in which conscious or unconscious classism is manifest in the various institutions of our society."[5]

The term "interpersonal" is sometimes used in place of "personal" as in, "institutional classism (versus) interpersonal classism.",[6] and terms such as "attitude" or "attitudinal" may replaced "interpersonal" as contrasting with institutional classism, as in the Association of Magazine Media's definition of classism as "any attitude or institutional practice which subordinates people due to income, occupation, education and/or their economic condition."[7]

Classism is also sometimes broken down into more than two categories, as in "personal, institutional and cultural" classism.[8]

Terms associated with personal or attitudinal classism include "white trash", "little men" or "little people," "trailer trash", "the unwashed masses", "the great unwashed", "moochers," "oiks", "proles" or Proletariat and "bludgers". In earlier historical periods, classist terms and phrases such as hoi polloi or plebs,[9] which are "derogatory of the lower classes," were more commonly used than they are today.

Accusations of classism[edit]

There is disagreement[by whom?] over what degree modern industrialized societies are economically stratified into discernible classes.[citation needed] There is also often disagreement over matters of understanding, such as whether negative treatment is due to...

References: edit]
1.^ Kadi, Joanna (1996)
4.^ Young, Serinity; Katie Cannon (1999). Serinity Young, ed. Encyclopedia of Women and World Religion (Print). USA: Macmillan. p. 181. ISBN 0028648609. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
5.^ Classism Definitions
6.^ Langhout, Regina Day; Rosselli, Francine; Feinstein, Jonathan (October 1835), Assessing Classism in Academic Settings, The Review of Higher Education 30 (2): 145–184
Hooks, Bell. Where we stand: class matters. New York & London: Routledge, 2000
Gans, Herbert
Homan, Jacqueline S. Classism For Dimwits. Pennsylvania: Elf Books, 2007/2009
Packard, Vance
Beegle, Donna M. See Poverty - Be the Difference, 2001
Leondar-Wright, Betsy
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Class Structure In Disguise Essay
  • Class Structure in Wuthering Heights Essay
  • Essay about Social Class and Class Structure
  • The Comedy of Class Structure in Arrested Development Essay
  • traditional class vs online class Essay
  • Structure Essay
  • Structure Essay
  • Structures Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Tatuagens e arte corporal | Next › | PERSONALISED TEXT PHOTO NAME MUG Christmas Birthday Fathers Mothers Valentines