Democratization And The Middle Class In

Topics: Social class, Middle class, Sociology Pages: 16 (11888 words) Published: December 2, 2014
University of Utah

Democratization and the Middle Class in China: The Middle Class's Attitudes toward Democracy
Author(s): Jie Chen and Chunlong Lu
Source: Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 64, No. 3 (SEPTEMBER 2011), pp. 705-719 Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. on behalf of the University of Utah Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23056386 .

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Democratization
Class in China:
Attitudes

Jie Chen1

and the Middle
The Middle Class's

toward

and

Political Research Quarterly
64(3) 705-719
© 2011 Universityof Utah
Reprintsand permission:
sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
DOI: 10.1177/1065912909359162
http://prq.sagepub.com

Democracy

(DSAGE

Lu2

Chunlong

Abstract
Do

the

seems

middle
no

based

on

does

the
and

on

collected

necessarily

between

in authoritarian,

consensus

data

not

social

classes

clear

this

from

middle

class's

economic

fill this gap, this

a probability-sample
democratization

support

is also

negatively

and

examines
from

findings

its support
with

opinion

survey

case

the
this

study

countries,

developing

associated

democratization?

support

article

The

survey.
in authoritarian

on the state

dependence

well-being

countries

late-developing

question.To

for democracy,
its democratic

(2)
and

middle

indicate

(I)

there
(3)

middle

in China,

class
the

middle

is a negative

the

there

scholars,

Among
of the

class

correlation

class's

perceived

support.

Keywords
Chinese

middle

democratic

class,

attitudes,

public

As Chinese society has become increasingly modernized
in the past
has

three

steadily

force.

a

as

emerged

sociopolitical

middle

the new

decades,

salient
such

Facing

class1

in China

socioeconomic

phenomenal

and

emergence

and expansion of the middle classes in China and other
developing countries, political scientists and policy leaders have

constantly

two

at least

pondered

important

ques

tions: Do the middle classes in developing countries sup
port political democratization, when the political systems
by the states

sanctioned
cratic?

And

why
and

democracy

in these

are

countries

do or do not these

social
These

democratization?

nondemo

classes

support
have

questions

a

lot to do with predicting the role of the middle class in
political change in the developing world as well as with
the

understanding

between

relationship

dynamic

eco

nomic modernization and political democratization in
developing countries.
scholars

Among
tion,

however,

questions.

there
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