РОССИЙСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ДРУЖБЫ НАРОДОВ
Институт иностранных языков
Кафедра теории и практики иностранных языков
Зав. кафедрой теории и практики иностранных языков ______________к.ф.н., профессор Н.Л.Соколова «______»_______________2014 г.
«Naturalism in the work of Stephen King “The Shawshank Redemption”»
035700 – Лингвистика
Студент группы ЛД 303 (3 КУРС)
Студенческий билет № _____________
Старший преподаватель, кафедра теории и практики иностранных языков _____________________Н.В.Болдовская
к.ф.н., профессор, академик МАНПО
The actuality of topic research
As the artistic language and set of aesthetic and philosophical principles of creativity, naturalism (from french naturalisme, from latin natura) - is one of the main non-normative styles of the European and American literature of XIX-XX centuries. It should be emphasized that many writers of that times worked in naturalism style and without their works it is even difficult to imagine literature of XX century. Naturalism has several dimensions. The first is related to the fact that it is appeared by rejecting its immediate predecessor romanticism , as well as various post-romanticism formations. Naturalism represented a new generation of authors, who wanted to express themselves “directly”, relying on the language capabilities of personal nature and dreaming to approve their own vision on creativity appointment. However, they meant not the nature in general, not the external image of nature towards the writer, which he reproduces by the normative style, conceptualizes or describes, but the nature created by the author itself. The nature of creativity, in the view of naturalists, exists already before the experience as it is predetermined by race, temperament, heredity, type of mentality and it is free, has a continuing character as it is revealed in a new way in every artistic experience, structuring and giving to it a personal tone. Naturalists – are new pantheists. They believe in the writer as in a mysterious person of modern civilization. Despite the admiration of the man-made nature (railways, mines, passages), which they poeticize, romanticize and even deified in their own way, naturalists are full of tragic relationship to being, what, in fact, allows to relate their work to the era of decadence, “the end of century”. In the main element of contemporary nature, a man, they see a crack or catastrophe in action. In the place where nature stately “grows and multiplies” serenely comes and goes, the humanity is followed by fatality. This circumstance has a social and biological background. Having created the modern civilization full of cities, banks, factories, industrial agriculture , a person has not only glorified himself as genius, but also distinguished himself as a criminal. Instead of “paradise” and “crystal palace” he dwells in the shadowy world – owns everything, but has nothing. Violence over the land, nature of work, “the little people of the world”, the body (marriage or prostitution), animals for capital and unabashed multiplying of wealth has led to social disharmony, degeneration and most importantly to the devaluation of what people seem to be most natural - love. However, reviled and driven to the “underground” nature is of revenge - overthrows the bourgeois world: explodes by disasters, uprisings of workers, war between man and woman. The most terrible revenge – is revenge of love. The main accusation of civilization by naturalists is included in the fact that love which is in nature, on the contrary to biological...
Bibliography: 1. Avessalomova G. S., Pulkhritudov, E.M. “Naturalizm”. In book: Short literary encyclopedia, т.1У, M., 1968, p. 129-135
3. Admoni V. “Poetika and reality”. L. : Owls. writer, 1975. - page 20-91321*. Alekseev M.P., Emile Zolya and Chernyshevsky. Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
4. Otd. litas. and language, 1940" J& 2, page 93-102 322. Alyakrinsky O. A. Raf.: Wilson K.P. “Amerikan naturalism and "sincerity" problem”. RZh of Societies, sciences abroad.
5. Andreyev L.G. “Impressionizm”. M.: Publishing house Mosk. un-that, 1980. - 250 pages.
6. Andreyev L., “The western European literature, XX century”. Vopr. litas. 1983, page 130-160
10. Barbyus A. “Ten and literature of the XIX century”. International literature, 1940, J6 9-10, page 162-167
12. Hillocks B. S. “Drama of symbolism and naturalism”. In book: Hillocks B. S. Russkaya dramatic art of the end of XIX - the beginning of the XX century of M., 1979, page 32-52
14. Drills A.I. “Anti-realistic essence of naturalism in art”: M, 1949.p-18.
15. Bushman “ From history of relationship of M.E.Saltykova-Shchedrina and Zolya”. In book: Russian-European literary communications. M; L. 1966, page 360-371
17. Eyaly G. A. “Russian realism of the end of the XIX century”. L. : Publishing house Lenigr. un-that, 1973, p. - 168.
18. Eyaly G. A. “Chekhov and Russian realism”: Sketches. L. : Owls. writer, 1981. - 400 pages.
19. “Introduction in literary criticism”. Prod. the 2nd, additional / Under the editorship of G.N.Pospelov. M.: Vyssh. 1983. - 327 pages.
21. Vilenskaya E., Roytberg L., “P.D.Boborykin and his memoirs”. In book: Boborykin P. D. Memoirs: In 2 t. M, 1965, t. I, page 5-35
23. Vilchinsky V.P. “Russian cricitizm of the 1880th years in fight against naturalism”. Russian litas. 1974, $4, page 78-89
25. Volkov E. “German naturalism”. / Roman. Story, Novella./of Ivanovo, 1980. - 96 pages.
26 . Ginzburg L. “About the literary hero”. L. : Owls. writer, 1979. - 224 pages.
27. Grigoryev A.L. “Gleb Uspensky and Emil Zolya”. In book: HHSH Gertsenovsky readings. Filol. sciences. L. 1970, page 121-123
29. Grossman Leonid. “Chekhov 's naturalism”. In book: Grossman Leonid. From Pushkin to Blok. M, 1926, page 279-327
31. “History of the Russian novel”: In 2 t.: A.S.Bushmin, etc. M; L. : Science, 1964, t. 2 - page 466-521
33. History of the Russian literature: In 4 t. / Edition stake.: A.S.Bush-min, etc. L.: Science, 1983. - T.4: Literature of the end of HGH - the beginning of the XX century/1881-1917/. - 784 pages / about naturalism see page 33-53, 53-68, 575-602/.
34. Kamensk V. I. “To a question of gnoseology of realism and some unreal methods in the Russian literature”. Russian litas., 1974, No. I, page 27-45
36. Kamensk V. I. “Development of realism in the Russian literature of the end of the XIX century”. L. : Science, 1979. - 198 pages.
37. Katayev V. B. “Chekhov and his literary environment/80th years of the XIX century”/. In book: Chekhov 's companions. M, 1982, page 5-47
38. Keldysh V. A. “Some problems of the Russian literary process of the end of the XIX beginning of the XX century and their studying”. - Vopr. litas. 1983, No. 2, page 136
Please join StudyMode to read the full document