International Business Globalization

Topics: Social class, Sociology, Social stratification Pages: 29 (4876 words) Published: December 5, 2013
Chapter 03
Differences in Culture
 

/ Questions
 
1. (p. 88) In today's world of global communications, rapid transportation and global markets, cultural differences have ceased to exist. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
2. (p. 88) Culture is static. 

 

Difficulty: Medium
 
3. (p. 89) Values are abstract ideas about what a group believes to be right, good and desirable. 
 

Difficulty: Easy
 
4. (p. 89) A society is another name for a country. 

 

Difficulty: Easy
 
5. (p. 89) A country is defined as a system of values and norms that are shared among a group of people and that when taken together constitute a design for living. 
 

Difficulty: Easy
 

6. (p. 89) People who violate folkways are considered to be evil or bad. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
7. (p. 90) Folkways include rituals and symbolic behavior. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
8. (p. 90) The bow that is given by a Japanese business executive to another business executive is an example of symbolic behavior. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
9. (p. 90) Mores have much greater significance than folkways. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
10. (p. 91) If a country is characterized as having a single homogenous culture, then its national culture also is homogenous and not a mosaic of subcultures. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
11. (p. 91) The values and norms of a culture are evolutionary. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 

12. (p. 92) A society's social structure refers to its basic social organization. 
 

Difficulty: Easy
 
13. (p. 92) Individualism has led to a high degree of managerial mobility between companies resulting in managers who have good general skills but lack company-specific experience. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
14. (p. 93) The emphasis on individualism in the U.S. may raise the costs of doing business due to its adverse impact on managerial stability and cooperation. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
15. (p. 93) The group is the primary unit of organization in Western societies. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
16. (p. 93) As demonstrated by Japan, the primacy of the group is always beneficial. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 

17. (p. 94) The term social strata refers to the extent to which individuals can move out of the strata into which they were born. 
 

Difficulty: Easy
 
18. (p. 94) The most rigid system of stratification is a class system. 
 

Difficulty: Easy
 
19. (p. 94) A caste system is a closed system of stratification in which social position is determined by the family into which the person is born.   

Difficulty: Easy
 
20. (p. 94) A class system is a rigid form of social stratification in which the position a person has by birth cannot be changed through his or her own achievements or luck. 
 

Difficulty: Easy
 
21. (p. 95) Historically, upward mobility could be achieved in a single generation in Britain. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 

22. (p. 95) China's communist rule strengthened class divisions. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
23. (p. 96) An antagonistic relationship between management and labor classes may result in higher costs of production. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
24. (p. 96) Confucianism can be accurately characterized as a religion. 
 

Difficulty: Hard
 
25. (p. 96) Christianity is nonexistent in Africa. 

 

Difficulty: Medium
 
26. (p. 98) Several sociologists have argued that of the three main branches of Christianity—Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant—the latter has the most important economic implications. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
27. (p. 98) Islam is the largest of the world's major religions. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 

28. (p. 99) Islam has roots in both Judaism and Christianity. 
 

Difficulty: Medium
 
29. (p. 100) Muslim countries are likely to be receptive to international business as long as those businesses behave in a manner that is consistent with...
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