iwt 1 task 1

Topics: Romanticism, Neoclassicism, Baroque Pages: 4 (1000 words) Published: May 25, 2015
Christina Ford
IWT 1 Task 1
Art is often divided into periods, these periods are in relation to the time in which it was created. When looking for what inspired the characteristics of an artistic period, it is often important to look at other periods and the relationship0 between the two. In this essay I will be comparing the Baroque Period and the Romantic Period.

1. Baroque Period
Originating in Italy in the 17th and 18th century, Baroque art quickly spread to Europe, North America and South America. Baroque art showed mingled emotion with high volumes and large structures. One of the largest influences was religion, which also helped with the success of this type of artwork. (Cannon, 2002) Supported by the Catholic Church during a time when Protestantism was growing, and gave a dramatic flair to the Catholic faith when represented in art. Many of the Baroque subjects were representative of Biblical characters and stories. Rich color pallets coupled with the exaggeration of light and shadows allowed the artists to show movement in their works. This movement was often focused upward toward the Heaven. This is demonstrated in the painting by Peter Paul Rubens, “The Elevation of the Cross” (Web Gallery, n.d.). The baroque techniques, a biblical subject, deep rich colors and light and shadows create a very dramatic effect. During this time the new science of astronomy was beginning to evolve. Astronomy became a large topic of conversation among the artists and many of their works show how this influenced them. 2. Romanticism

Romanticism, often thought of as a reaction to Neoclassicism and the Age of Enlightenment, was introduced in the 19th century. Unlike Neoclassicism or The Age of Enlightenment, which focused on harmony and reason, Romanticism opposed the rational thought and played on the emotions. Seen mostly in literature, visual art and music, this type of art often included dramatic scenes and subjects that were meant to invoke an...

References: Brent, Michael.  (2014).  Ideals & Artistic Elements of Romanticism.  Retrieved May 9, 2015 from http://www.ehow.com/info_8492201_ideals-artistic-elements-romanticism.html.   
Doogue,Geraldine. “The Slave Ship, J.M.W Turner’s representation of theMassacre”. ABC Saturday Special. 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2015, from http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/saturdayextra/the-slave-ship-j-m-w-turners-representation-of-the/2991666
Norman, Jeffrey. (2014) Famous Environmental Paintings. Retrieved May 9, 2015 from http://www.ehow.com/info_8658919_famous-environmental-paintings.html
Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable database of European fine arts (1000-1900). (n.d.). Retrieved May 4, 2015, from http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/r/rubens/11religi/03erect.html.
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