Outline some of the ways in which material deprivation may lead to underachievement for working class pupils

Topics: Middle class, Social class, Working class Pages: 2 (758 words) Published: November 2, 2013
Material deprivation is the lacking of material goods; which is normally due to a lack of money e.g. poor housing and lack of school equipment. This is normally suffered by the working class as they may bring in little or no income. Therefore, Material deprivation can affect the achievement of working class pupils because they cannot afford the necessities needed to do well in education. One way in which material deprivation may lead to underachievement for working class is because of poor quality housing. This is because they are unable to afford good quality housing due to their little income, normally from manual jobs. Poor housing could mean a small and cramped house. This could be because they are unable to afford a bigger house or are living in a council house; which is very small. If the pupil is living in a small house with a lot of people, they may have nowhere to do their homework or revise. This could therefore lead to them being constantly behind on the work and then underachieving. Poor housing can also affect the achievement of working class pupils, if they live in a catchment area with schools that are not highly ranked on the OFSTED league tables. As the working class have little money and therefore suffer from material deprivation, they may be unable to afford a house in the catchment area of a good school (one ranked highly in the league tables). Therefore, they are forced to go to a school that will not help them into reaching their full potential and therefore underachieve. Diet and health is another way in which material deprivation may lead to underachievement for working class pupils. As the working class suffer from material deprivation the parents may work more or work two jobs. This means that they have less time to cook healthy and nutritious food and are more likely to give their children ready meals or fast food; which is lacking nutrients. Howard (2001) notes that working class people have lower intakes of energy, vitamins and...
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