Much of the prose and poetry produced during the extended rule of Spain (1572- 1898) were written in the 19th century. With the exception of the works of our nationalists who wrote much in Europe, our insular writing were chiefly composed to enhance the Christian religion and morality, and above all, to give color to the Filipino’s daily life. This body, which is religious and moral in writing is, in the strict sense, church literature; nevertheless, it is an important Filipino heritage.
Several types of prose and verses, written by both priests and laymen, succeeded in gracing Philippine writing. Among these were the vocabularies and grammar books. These were followed by epistolary novels, instructional guidebooks, religious histories, and prayer books.
→ Father Modesto de Castro → Father Antonio de Borja → Bishop Gabriel Reyes → Pedro Bukaneg → Father Felipe Torres Torralba → Writers and Collectors of Religious Guidebooks
Father Modesto de Castro
He is from Biñan, Laguna and was an important vernacular writer in the 19th century. Little is known of him beyond the works he left and the priestly profession he had embraced. He was an extremely learned and vigorous man, and one gifted with marked literary grace. His famous work is Pagsusulatan ng Dalawang Binibini na sina Urbana at Felisa (1863).
Father Antonio de Borja Father Antonio de Borja distinguished himself by translating freely the novel, Barlaan and Josaphat, unto Tagalog. This narrative was based on the Greek writing of San Juan Damasceno. This literary work enjoyed considerable popularity because the translation was published in 1708 and again in 1712.
Bishop Gabriel Reyes
Novels › These are written to ridicule immoral and ungodly life lived by heroes Kapitana Tuna Toning Short Stories › Each of these stories has a moral lesson Ang Mainot Ang Naga Simba Matinumanon nga Bata Ang Gunga sa Kalisud Bunga Kalipay
Pedro Bukaneg As we all know, he is a man of...
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