social stratification

Topics: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification Pages: 2 (412 words) Published: October 19, 2013
1Social stratification – the structured ranking of peoples’ position in society = Status A)Stratification depends on social differentiation – process by which members of a society are divided according to their roles (plumber, doctor, housewife) B)Helps society become more efficient – know your place and role C)Nature and nurture both have a role

1)Men can’t be “moms”
2)Dr. Ben Carson-like stories
2Three methods or components of stratification
A)Economic
1)Income – what people earn
(a)Usually measured by salary
(b)Does not consider other issues like expenses, taxes, comparative value 2)Wealth – what people own
(a)Includes investments, property and other tangible items
(b)Is not usually “liquid” – readily converted to currency (c)http://xkcd.com/980/huge/#x=-10966&y=-6228&z=5
B)Prestige – social respect and admiration we associate with a status 1)Is intangible – the value is a perception, however it is… 2)Symbolized by tangible items – trophies, degrees, cars
3)The values of the society determines the extent of prestige (how prestigious) 4)http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/11/arts/music/grammy-awards-celebrate-blush-of-youth.html?hp&_r=0 C)Power – ability of people to realize their will over others http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/12/world/europe/pope-benedict-xvi-says-he-will-retire.html?hp

1)Cultural norms determine the extent and nature to which power is exercised 2)The powerful usually dominate in conversation (control its direction) 3)Ex. - Waiting time – more powerful can make the inferior wait 3Two types of status

A)Ascribed – status over which one has no control
B)Achieved – allocated according to ability and talent – Horatio Alger stories http://www.airforcetimes.com/news/2013/02/military-new-medal-for-drone-pilots-outranks-bronze-star-021313/

4Open and closed systems - the ease with which an individual can move within the strata A)Open systems – where individuals can move (change their status) with relative...
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