Socialist realism

Topics: Literature, Literary criticism, Marxism Pages: 2 (610 words) Published: March 29, 2014
Socialist realism is a literary ideology or stream which is strong enough dominating in Western Europe. This ideology has a quite large contribution to the literature world. Realism is essentially concern with historical problem. The most prominent reason in this case is that an object can be investigated, analyzed, and studied through science, and its nature can be found through philosophy. As a stream of ethical, realism acknowledges the ethical experienced factors, whether it relates to life, behavior, and concrete actions, regardless of the senses and the mind that understand. Socialist realism demanded that all art must depict some aspect of man’s struggle toward socialist progress for a better life. It stressed the need for the creative artist to serve the proletariat by being realistic, optimistic, and heroic. The doctrine considered all forms of experimentalism as degenerate and pessimistic. In this theory, language is based on the knowledge and experience of real people.

This paper is about analysis of a movie entitled “In Darkness”. The theory that we use to analyze the movie is from George Lukacs. George Lukacs is a Hungarian Marxist philosopher, writer, and literary critic who influenced the mainstream of European Communist thought during the first half of the 20th century. He was born in Hungary in 1885. He studied in Budapest, Berlin and Heidelberg and published his first book on literary criticism, Soul and Form in 1910. Lukacs is one of the well known philosophers committed to the issue of human freedom. Political submissive attitude may change, but Lukacs's commitment to free humanity from alienation always goes consistently. This can be seen on the basis of his literary theory that focuses attention to the role of (art) literature as liberators.

As liberators, literature must hold on reality. In fact, when compared with the philosophy or science, literature can be regarded to be the most being applied in reality. Lukacs's literary theory...
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