Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess the view that factors and processes within the school are the main cause of differences in the educational achievement of different social groups

Topics: Social class, Middle class, Working class Pages: 3 (990 words) Published: January 3, 2014

Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess the view that factors and processes within the school are the main cause of differences in the educational achievement of different social groups It is apparent that most of the studies carried out by numerous sociologist came to the same assumption that middle class pupils tend to do alot better than working class in terms of educational achievement. Pupils from middle class backgrounds tend to pass more academic exams, stay on for further education and are more likely to make it into university. This gap in achievement widens with age as right from little school to university, processes such as labelling and the self fulfilling prophecy take place which means the working class are always at disadvantage. Labelling is a process within schools where teachers attach a meaning to the pupil for example middle classes are labelled as the ideal pupils however this in itself acts a stereotype as it assumes all middle class fits the description of the perfect pupil but this can be a positive or negative label as those labelled negatively may aim to prove the person wrong as said in Item A. The whole idea of the self fulfilling prophecy takes the process of labelling further as based on the label the teachers make prediction about pupils which usually come true simply by the fact that they were made. The reason it relates with labelling is that it changes the pupils self image by bringing it in line with the expectation others expect him or her to fulfil. There are huge differences in educational achievement between middle and working class pupils with regards to their home background and the level of parental support. The working classes use shorthand speech, short and simple ways of speaking, in addition to this they also use the language of friends and family which initially means that they have an understanding of what it means as there can be several meanings however because they are an intimate group of...
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