Using material from item A and elsewhere assess the view that working class children under achieve because they are culturally deprived. (20Marks)
Culture deprivation is when people of different classes have differences in their norms, values, attitudes of education and their speech patterns. Working class parents have a lack of interest on their child’s education which leads the child to be at a disadvantage as the other middle class children will have parents who are very interested in their education and are willing to help them outside of school and at home. This would then put the middle class children at an advantage over working class children as they would have more of a stable living environment to get their school homework done as their parents are more capable of helping them. Another issue with culture deprivation is the use of speech in the household environment in which they live in. Commonly working class families use restricted code. This is basic language used in non complex sentences and not much detail is given when speaking. Quite blunt and to the point, not much explanation used. On the other hand, middle class families tend to use elaborate code which is more sophisticated terms, developed and complete sentences. This is the language used in the education system which yet again puts working class children at a disadvantage as they might not understand the work they are being set. This could then lead them to under achieve in school exams. Although cultural deprivation plays a huge part in how well working class children achieve compared to middle class children, there are also other factors involved. Both material deprivation and culture capital affect a child’s educational achievements. Material deprivation covers a wide range of issues, usually to do with lack of money in the family. Middle class families can afford to move into the catchment areas of high achieving schools which working class families can’t. This then leaves...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document